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論不同文化中的非語言行為差異.doc

資料分類:外語學習 上傳會員:隨心所欲 更新時間:2014-03-18
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波尔多干红 www.uflngk.com.cn 摘要:人類的交際包含語言交際和非語言交際這兩大系統,其中,非語言交際作為人類交際的一個重要部分,發揮著不可忽視的作用。相對于豐富多彩的有聲的語言行為,非語言行為卻是一種默默無聲的語言,無聲卻富有感染力。各種非語言交際手段的恰當運用都能促使人類更好地溝通與交流,幫助各種信息的有效傳遞與流通。同時,不同的非語言行為具有不同的文化含義,來自不同文化背景下的人們也許會出現交際上的困難,從而導致交際失敗。在經濟全球化和跨文化交際背景下,交際雙方對各種非語言交際形式的不同含義的正確理解尤為重要。

   本文著重從一些基本的非語言行為入手,通過對其在跨文化交際中的意義及感情色彩上的差異的探討來闡明非語言行為與文化之間相互影響,相互依存的微妙關系。本文旨在引起更多人對非語言行為的關注和研究,使人們在跨文化交際中避免因行為理解錯誤而引起的交際上的誤解與沖突,從而最終達到提高人們自身的跨文化交際能力的目的。

關鍵詞:非語言交際; 非語言行為; 文化差異; 跨文化交際

 

Abstract:Human communication contains two types: verbal communication and nonverbal communication, among which, the nonverbal communication is a significant integrant and plays an important role in the process of communication. Compared with the abundant and colorful audio verbal behaviors, nonverbal behaviors are really kind of silent language, noiseless but infectious. The proper use of various nonverbal communication means can impel human to communicate more effectively; and help information to transmit and circulate more efficiently. Meanwhile, different nonverbal behaviors have different cultural meanings. People from different culture backgrounds may come across various difficulties in their communication, which may result in communicative failures. With the further development and popularization of economic globalization and cross-cultural communication, people need to realize the signality of understanding the exact meanings of all sorts of nonverval communication forms to the two parties in communication.  

   This thesis emphatically starts from some basic nonverbal behaviors; and goes through the researches and discussions of nonverbal behaviors’ differences in meanings and feelings of speakers in cross-cultural communication. All these will roll into one thing, that is the interactive and interdependent relationship between nonverbal behavior and culture. The purpose of this thesis is to call for people to pay more attention to nonverbal behaviors, and to try to avoid the misunderstandings and conflicts which are caused by false nonverbal messages, so as to improve people’s cross-cultural communication skills.

Key words: Nonverbal communication;Nonverbal behaviors;Cultural diversity;Cross-cultural communication

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上傳會員 隨心所欲 對本文的描述:非語言行為具有一定的共性,語言不通、地域不同、文化相異的人們可以通過非語言行為進行一定程度上的有效交流。然而,非語言行為也并非一成不變的,同樣的的一種非語言行為卻......
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